36°      21°      
Domingo, 26 de Enero 2020

Tuxtla Gutiérrez has emerged from the bowels of the earth to be vibrant, full of life and dreams. It has germinated to little by little break into the blue sky of Chiapas to tell the world: I am music, I am joy, I am energy, I am color, I am TUXTLA; a land of contrasts. From El Jobo to the hill that borders the Sumidero Canyon; from the emblematic Pochota, to the Pumpushuti -or a bit further-.
In the Coyatóc Valley are the foundations of the State Capital of Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutiérrez. It was the Zoque ethnic group the first to inhabit such fertile lands irrigated by the Sabinal River and other tributaries of water that helped to make the valley a space of abundant crops: corn, beans, squash and chili were the Zoques' food base.

The arrival of the Spaniards in Chiapas in the year 1524 marked the beginning of the colonization of the state. The conquest of the Tuchtlan Valley was peaceful. The Spaniards imposed their language, religion, form of government, their laws, customs and traditions.

In the years 1560 and 1561 the Dominican monks - who arrived with the conquerors registered as a village that ancient village of Tuchtla, which was increased the name of the patron saint San Marcos, first known as San Marcos Evangelista Tuchtla.

Historical Chronology of Tuxtla Gutiérrez

Coat of Arms of Tuxtla Gutiérrez
In the center of the coat and on a gules red field is the figure of a prehispanic rabbit with gray skin, long tail and hair, with visible front teeth, standing upright (with its hind legs) on a jaw superior human with three teeth also in gray; in profile and seeing the left side heraldic of the shield. On the upper edge of gold (yellow) of the coat of arms is the name of the municipality of Tuxtla in Nahuatl: Tuchtlan.
The field of gules: red background heraldic shield.

The rabbit in a field of gules standing on three teeth, hieroglyph figurative (rabbit) and ideographic (three teeth) Aztec: symbolizes the indigenous pre-Columbian name of Tuxtla (Tochtla = Tuchtlan).

The upper jaw with three teeth: life, fertility, abundance, place. Tochtla = Tuchtlan means "Lugar de conejos" (from Nahuatl: tochtli, rabbit, and tlantli, tooth, place, abundance).

For their part, the Zoques appropriated the name of Tochtla to their language and called it Tuchtlan; the Spaniards who dominated it did so, at different times, Tusta, Tucstla and finally, Tuxtla. The name of the municipality in Nahuatl (Tuchtlan) rescues the primitive name of the Tuxtla Valley, where the zoques founded the current city of Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas.

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